Having introduced Richard BRUSH of Tewkesbury and children, in chapter 3.A, it becomes necessary to identify them in a more mechanical way. Without this we will become hopelessly lost in a jumble of multiple references to John, Richard, Thomas, Margaret, Anne and others.
As described in Chapter 1.D, Richard of Tewkesbury, the will maker, is from this point on referred to as Richard[T1] and his son as Richard[T2]. This letter & number is a unique numbering sequence identifying the individual. Occassionly they will be shown in the format Richard [T2](2). The extra number in round brackets refers to their generation, with Richard[T1] arbitrarily identifed as generation(1). Wives, who assume the name BRUSH on marriage, are identified by a letter added to their husband's reference so Joan, the wife of the first Richard, is Joan [T1a](1). If he had had a second wife (though there is no suggestion he did) her reference would be [T1b]. Similarly John Kembridge the husband of Alice Brush would be identified as [T5a](2).
In his 1558 will, Richard BRUSSHE[T1](1) refers to his wife Joan, to his sons Richard, Humphrey and Lewes and to three daughters Elizabeth, Alice and Ann. Richard[T2](2) is identified as the eldest son. Each time he refers to the two younger sons, Humphrey is named first and on a balance of probabilities this seems likely to reflect birth order. Reference is also made to two sons in law, Thomas DUTTON and John KEMBRIDGE(1), and to his servant Thomas VIRGO. The will tells us that it was Alice who married John KEMBRIDGE but we do not know whether Thomas DUTTON had married Elizabeth or Ann.
There is a 1582 will of Thomas Dutton of Minchinhampton in which he names an Elizabeth a s his wife. There is also a burial of Thomas at Minchinhampton on 1 March 1582(3) although Ancestry wrongly transcribes this as a baptism. There are not a lot of Dutton entries in Gloucestershire (I can see none in Tewkesbury until the 1580s) so this is a possibility - particularly since the KEMBRIDGE family also appears at Minchinhampton. An Elizabeta Dutton, widow, is buried at Minchinhampton in March 1605(6). Countering this link there is a marriage of Thomas Dutton to Elizabeth WILLIAMS at Northleach in 1573.
Lewes (which is presumably an alternative spelling of Lewis) is a relatively unusual Christian name. I believe it only appears at two other places in the Brush record; but it does seem (from They used to live in Tewkesbury)to be one of the family names that crops up in Tewkesbury - might Joan[T1a]have been a LEWIS before her marriage? (2)
We do not know when or where Richard[T2], Humphrey and Lewes were born or married. It appears that the general practice was that the marriage took place in the bride's family parish though, just as now, there are exceptions. There are 8 parishes immediately surrounding and adjacent to Tewkesbury(3) and several more within a few miles. It would therefore be no particular surprise if the sons had married in another parish. But their marriage dates precede the earlest parish registers. Tewkesbury does certainly seem to have been the family home and each of the sons later appears to have had their children baptised at Tewkesbury.
Richard[T1's will certainly shows that at 1558 he was living in Tewkesbury and other records already mentioned show that the property referred to was leased by him in 1538/9.
The land given to Richard the younger in the will is:
"two little closes with the appurtenances which one of them is set, lying and being within the parish of [Forthampton] in the county of Gloucester called Wythybed, joining to the water of Severne and on the west side of the same water on and against the passage there called Wytteslode, and the other of the said closes hath in him a weare house and is set, lying and being within the parish of Tewkesbury and in the said county of Gloucester joining to the said water of Severne and near to the passage aforesaid over the east side..."
A close seems to mean simply an enclosed piece of land . When it refers to "the passage" this does not (as best I can tell) refer to an alley way or suchlike but to a river crossing. A property deed from the prosperous local Dowdeswell family for example refers to a "passage over the Severn between Tewkesbury and Bushley called the over or upper Load".
I can find no reference anywhere online to Wythybed in Tewkesbury or Forthampton nor to Wytteslode but from the description of the location it would seem to be what is now called the Lower Lode - which is still a small ferry crossing. A wythy or withy is 'a tough, flexible branch of an osier or other willow, used for tying, binding, or basketry' and it seems clear that Whythbed or withy bed is a patch of land near a river in whch withies are grown. It appears that osier or willow beds were a common wetland feature along the River Severn.
There is a reference by Norah Day to the BRUSH family still enjoying the use of the property in 1687.
Using my standard conjectural formula for birth dates(4) , it seems likely that the eldest son Richard T2 was born in 1530 +/-5 with Humphrey and Lewis born during the following 5 - 10 years up to 1537. 1537 is given as a latest date since the will of Richard T1 includes no indication that any of the children were then still minors (i.e under 21). The will also shows that at least two of the daughters were already married by 1558. Six children by 1537 (plus any who did not survive childhood) suggests a marriage for Richard T1 no later than 1525-30. The 1548 court case may suggest that Richard T2 was already an adult by then which would put his birth date back before 1527. /p>
Errors? More information? Comments? Please do get in touch: firstname.lastname@example.org
NEXT: Section 2, Tewkesbury; Chapter 13.C, ???
(1) back to text    An alternate spelling for CAMBRIDGE? The name Kembridge reappears a century later marrying a Thomas BURGE - which may just be a coincidence or may be a long term family link: Thomas Burge. &. Mary Kembridge ...... Glos., b.,. &. Elizabeth Lidiard, wid., Zic., both of age 31 Oct. 1786. Nathan Washbourn, b.,. &. Dorothy Heath, of ... www.genuk-online.com/wiltsphillimores/eisey.pdf
(2) back to text    The recycling of family surnames as forenames will occur several times in this work. For a wider study of the practice an interesting website is the middle names study by Hugh Wallis: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~hughwallis/WiltshireMiddleNamesIGI.htm
(3) back to text    Forthampton, Chacely, Walton Cardiff, Ashchurch, Tredington, Twyning, Deerhurst and Elmstone Hardwick. Second Tewkesbury parish?,
(5) back to text    Sovage appears to be an alternative (or error?) for Socage - an old form of tenure of land, from feudal times, involving payment of rent or other non-military service to a superior.
(6) back to text    In an index of court proceedings in the court of Common Pleas at http://aalt.law.uh.edu/Indices/CP40Indices/CP40no1135/CP40no1135Def.pdf     I think the indexed document is available to view at that site but it is going to be in handwritten court latin! This site contains a mountain of historic material
(7) back to text    List of early Chancery Proceedings preserved in the Public Record Office: https://archive.org/stream/listofearlychanc1055newy/listofearlychanc1055newy_djvu.txt
(8) back to text    There is a 1565 will of a Daniel Perte who has lots of assets.
(9) back to text    Mary Abbott; Life Cycles in England 1560-1720; 1996 p35 "Wills, very frequently composed by those who believed they were dying…"